Bed Bug Extermination
Advances in technology have allowed for new chemical pesticide application methods to be developed that are not only much more effective but also less expensive, safer and less invasive than other methods such as heat treatment. Toronto Pest Control Services no longer offers heat treatment. In fact, we recommend avoiding heat treatments altogether.
Toronto Pest Control and Wildlife Services are experts at bed bug removal and extermination. We have done thousands of successful bed bug exterminations. The most important first step in all pest control is to properly identify the pest. Our knowledgeable team can help you identify the pest right over the phone; all you have to do is give us a call at 1-888-390-PEST(7378)
. If you have not found a live bug yet, but suspect you may have them, doing a thorough inspection of your bedroom is easy and will save you money. Click this link "How can I inspect my home for bed bugs?"
to learn more, or one of our technicians will come out and inspect your property. Once we've helped you positively identify your bed bug issue you can decide on treatment options. Toronto Pest Control and Wildlife Services have been in business for over 25 years and we pride ourselves on providing quick, professional, and efficient service to our community and beyond.
What you need to know about bed bugs
How does Toronto Pest Control and Wildlife Services treat for bed bugs?
The treatment we use to eradicate bed bug infestations is a combination of dust applications and the use of automatic traps. A minimum of two treatments will be done about two weeks apart. We will send you a preparation letter detailing what is required before the technician arrives. This will ensure you get the best application results possible.
Why not heat treatment?
Heat treatment is very expensive, ranging between about 60-100% more than chemical applications and the results are unreliable. We have performed hundreds of heat treatments over the last several years and our experience tells us that they are not the best method. To properly heat treat a home everything must be removed from cupboards and dressers in infested rooms, all furniture must be disassembled, carpets taken up and many other items removed from the room. To get a good result the rooms should be heated to 145 deg F or 63 deg C and maintained there for 4 hours. Many materials in your home do not tolerate those temperatures. Vynal window frames are notoriously prone to warping. Occasionally perfume/cologne bottles will explode and sometimes baseboards warp and crack as well as door frames. Often items are missed such as pop cans which will invariably explode, making a terrible mess and causing damage. There are simply to many instances of serious damage. Bed bugs exposed to silica gel dusts will be dead in less than 24 hours.
How do I prepare my home or office for a treatment?
Properly preparing your home or office for a bed bug treatment will not only help the technician but also ensure that the treatment is administered in a safe and effective way. You will be required to leave the space or dwelling after the technician begins the extermination and will not be allowed to go back inside for at least four hours.
All pets, including cats, hamsters, dogs, birds, rabbits and beyond must be removed from the space before the treatment is to take place and cannot come back inside for at least four hours. Fish tanks can stay in the unit, however, the filtration system should be shut off and the tank should be covered over with a towel. You can turn the equipment back on four hours after treatment.
Home owner/tenant preparation: What you need to do
- Vacuum all bed frames and sweep all floors, carpets, and baseboards in your bedrooms and any other rooms you feel bed bugs might be residing in. After the application is completed take care not to vacuum up the dust applied by the technician.
- Remove clutter from all of the floors in the infested rooms, especially from the bedroom and under your beds. You must then place these miscellaneous items/clutter in green garbage bags before they can be removed from the bedroom and taken outdoors.
- Move all of the furniture, except the beds, back to their original spots (if you had to move them while vacuuming).
- Your beds should be moved a minimum of 12 inches from the wall and it is required they stay there for at least 30 days after the treatment.
- After you have finished all of your vacuuming, discard of the vacuum bag. Put it in a sealed garbage bag before you throw it away.
- Bag up all clothing that has had contact with the floor, including clothes that are in dressers or wardrobes. Please note: This does NOT apply to clothes that are hanging in closets.
- Your clothes must be run through the dryer for at least 25 minutes on the hottest heat setting (you can feel free to wash the clothes as well, but it isn't necessary).
- Once you've finished drying, the clothes should be bagged and stored outside of the bedroom until after the first treatment.
- You may leave all other items on nightstands, bookshelves or other furniture in the immediate area.
- Before the technician arrives, you must have your beds moved at least 12 inches from the wall.
- All of you bedding, including pillow cases, slip covers, box spring skirts, sheets, etc. has to be removed and run through the dryer for at least 25 minutes on the hottest heat setting prior to the technician's visit.
- You should also run your pillows through the dryer on the hottest heat setting for at least 25 minutes.
Preventative techniques and early signs you may have an infestation
- All throws, chair coverings, and pillows have to be run through the dryer before the treatment is to take place.
Bed bugs like to feed on us while we are asleep. They are mostly alerted to our presence in the bedroom by the carbon dioxide we exhale in our sleep or by close proximity to our warmth. Although bed bugs will feed every night if they have the opportunity they can last several months without having to feed again, making them difficult to get rid of.
So, how do they even get into your home in the first place? They're hitchhiker pests, meaning they latch onto your clothes and other items you bring into your home such as luggage or furniture.
In order to feed on you, the beg bugs have to make their way across the floor and up the legs of your bed. This is where prevention comes in. Leg traps, which are placed under the legs of your bed, can often provide early detection making eradication much easier. They act as an early warning sign that you may have a pest control problem.
You can also consider bed bug-proof box spring and mattress covers, however, these encasements can be expensive. Silica gel dusts used by Toronto Pest Control and Wildlife Services are a low toxicity pesticide. The dust may be applied directly on your mattress and box spring to provide a lasting, protective barrier. This residual extermination treatment can last months.
Origins of bed bugs: Where do they come from?
Bed bugs have been around for thousands of years, however, over the past 15 years, much of the developed world has experienced an exponential increase in bed bug populations. Modern pesticides came into use after the Second World War and bed bugs were largely eradicated by the 1960s.
The biggest reason for their resurgence is their gradual increase in resistance to pest control treatments over the last 60 years. As we become more aware of the habits of bed bugs and as technology keeps advancing, we are able to continue to develop more effective treatment methods. Treatments are constantly being improved and tweaked. The latest and most effective removal method out there today involves applications that cause bed bugs to become dehydrated.
Another factor in the world wild increase in bed bug infestations is increasing travel. More air travel means bed bugs move quickly from one region to another. Bed bugs are hitchhikers; they latch onto things such as your clothes, furniture and luggage. Air craft cargo holds are the perfect place for bed bugs to move from one piece of luggage to another.
We also tend to live in much closer proximity to one another than say 50 or 60 years ago, which makes it easier for the bed bugs to travel from place to place. That's why you'll often find bed bugs in densely populated apartment buildings. Once one unit has an infestation, it can spread rapidly.
Awareness has been another reason for their rapid spread. Many people know very little about bed bugs and it may take months to identify the problem. Sometimes even when they do realize they are infested, people are embarrassed of the stigma associated with having a bed bug infestation and will try to fight it on their own. Unfortunately, this is the worst thing you can do. Bed bugs are not a sign of uncleanliness; even the most respected hotels and buildings may have had problems with these nuisance pests.
The moment you think you may have a bed bug control problem, call a professional.
Identification: What do bed bugs look like?
Adult bed bugs are reddish-brown in colour and are between 4-5mm in length. Bed bugs have small, flat, oval-shaped bodies. They will appear much larger and darker in colour after feeding and change from a brown colour to a cloudy red. Young bed bugs, known as instars, can vary in size from about 1-4mm. At birth they appear translucent but as they feed they transform into the same reddish-brown colour that adult bed bugs are. The eggs that bed bugs lay are very small (about 1mm in size) and white in colour, making them difficult to see especially on a white background.
How can I inspect my home or office for bed bugs?
50% of all the bed bugs in a bedroom are within 2 ft of the bed. The best place to inspect for bed bugs is on the bed and bed frame. It is possible to confuse molted shell caseings or eggs but . Grab a flashlight and look for eggs and feces under your mattress and in the tiny cracks and crevices of your mattress and box spring. Check along the piping that runs around the mattress for bugs, as they tend to hide in there. Be sure to give the headboards, baseboards and even picture frames, nightstands, chairs and beyond an inspection. Any small, tight crevice they can burrow into is where they will hide.
You might also want to thoroughly inspect your box spring, including the plastic coatings that are often found on all corners in addition to cutting away the webbing on the bottom of the box spring to check the wood underneath. A simple and thorough inspection can lead to early detection. The earlier you identify the pest problem, the sooner you can begin treatment and eradicate the bed bugs.
What do I do if I suspect I have a bed bug infestation?
The most responsible thing you can do is call one of our operators at 1-888-390-PEST (7378) who will be able to help you identify the type of pest, which is an important first step in the removal process.
Our friendly and professional exterminators will be more than happy to come out to your home and give you a free, no obligation quote. If left untreated, a bed bug infestation can grow rapidly and cause you stress and discomfort. It's always easier to deal with a pest problem sooner rather than later.